Psychotherapy: A Handy Guide Before we talk about the topic of psychotherapy, let us first discuss the word psychotherapy itself. The word psychotherapy consists actually of two words, namely psyche and therapy. Psyche as the same with psychology, means mind our soul, and therapy on the other hand means healing. Concludingly, psychotherapy is all about healing and nurturing the mind and soul, and soul by this definition would mean our feelings as well as what we are thinking. Also, psychotherapy seeks to address a client’s mental and psychological disorders by using psychological techniques rather than by using medicine. As far as psychotherapy goes, there are two types, psychiatry and counseling. When you want to solve the client’s mental problems with the accompaniment of prescribed drugs, then that is psychiatry. Drugs are prescribed for various mental illnesses such as depression, schizophrenia, and ADHD. The other type of psychotherapy is counseling, and this process mainly involves talking. The individual’s mental problem that needs psychotherapy is solved in counseling through means of a therapeutic relationship between the client seeking the therapy and the psychotherapist doing the therapy. The psychotherapist is essentially one who practices psychotherapy, and the one that can address your needs when searching for a cure to your psychological disorders through the use of psychological methods. A psychotherapist receives 4-8 years worth of schooling and training to be certified, and is also licensed and duly certified by a corresponding accredited body. A psychotherapist can have other jobs or professional backgrounds, such as a doctor, social worker, nurse, counselor, or mental health worker. But when you are seeing them for the purpose of psychotherapy, then they are obliged to provide you only that service and not any other. For psychotherapy, there should always be psychotherapeutic change, and psychotherapists achieve an environment where this can occur by creating a psychotherapeutic relationship with the client. Doing so should require the whole psychotherapy to be done in an environment where the client feels privacy, safety and comfort. IN the environment of the client and psychotherapist, there should always be utter and complete confidentiality. The client should feel comfortable telling you his/her psychological problems, as well as his/her personal problems without ever having to worry that it will reach the ears of his/her coworkers, friends, and colleagues. It shouldn’t be forgotten that the psychotherapeutic relationship is an active listening and speaking exchange relationship. Client and psychotherapist alike should both talk, and the client will talk about his/her problems to the therapist. The therapist then carefully helps the client identify the root causes of their problem, and find out their goals and wishes to accomplish. In psychotherapy, you should not be afraid to seek due help.